ITU Department of Architecture, 2014-15 spring semester, Architectural Design Studio 7, Transp( )se
Ayşe Şentürer, Hakan T. Şengün, Erenalp Büyüktopçu
The aim of the Studio is to look for the different, emerging modes of life and their architectural interventions, and for this purpose it walks through the border-lines of city/ life, architecture and design representations.
The idea of ‘designing through the border-lines of the city’ gives us the opportunity of working on the critical ―problematic and promising― sections of life and city, topography and architecture… This approach, also, calls different modes of representations to disclose and understand these problematic and promising ―virtual and actual, visible and invisible― conditions, facts of city.
To discover the visible and invisible, hidden dimensions of city/life, studio applies to cinematography in addition to the conventions of architectural design. However, ‘montage’ in cinematography and ‘sectional drawings’ in architecture ―plans and sections or any kind of sectional work― are the critical techniques to be able to see and show the visible and invisible entities, situations and facts… Briefly studio applies different representation/design tools and techniques.
Moreover, through the approach, studio concentrates on the material and immaterial poetic, sensational aspects of architecture.
Within this intention, last two years, studio worked on two main autobahns of Istanbul and their junctions ―as one of the cases of border-line situations in the city― to look for the new modes of life and architecture.
At the first stage of this project (2013-14 fall semester), which was called as “Transition / Transection / Transportation: // Public Space and Other Stories”, the aim was to look for the new publicities of Istanbul/metropolis and their architectural interventions. These main roads, autobahns and their junctions, has been planned and designed for the cars, but right now they were serving for the city commuters, and pretending as if they were urban nodes but without having any necessary urban and architectural infra-structure. However, during the time, both sides of those autobahns were filled with every kind of industrial sites ―from textile, furniture to iron and automobile― and housing settlements. They are problematic but at the same time they are promising areas in terms of new publicities of a big metropolis.
At the second stage of the project (2014-15 fall semester), that was called as “Transhouse”, studio aimed to look for, this time, to the modes of housing and dwelling in the metropolis. Then again, it was concentrated on these autobahns and their junctions, since they have been already hosting big numbers of residences, housing establishments with their different contents, connections, and forms. The attraction was coming from their short cut connection with the city, from their positions on the autobahns, which are having all kind of public transportation lines and stops.
As an extension of this urban and architectural design research, at the 2014-15 spring semester, studio aimed to look for more radical turns, transformations in life, city, architecture and nature. Thus, the theme was announced as “Transpose”. Through that it would be also possible to have a more concentration on ecological issues and have a deeper research on technological developments effecting on architecture. Then the biggest islands of Princes Islands of Marmara sea, Büyükada was chosen as the site of this architectural research. This time, tension in between the main lands of Istanbul/Metropolis and the Island/nature where is also representing Mediterranean life, is the border-line situation of the project, which studio was always looking for… for the creative acts and critical projections. Apart from that island itself, it was creating boundaries and edges. Therefore, we thought, working on an “island” as a part of a “metropolis” with the idea of “transpose”, will give us a better opportunity to question and up-side-down the dualities ―in between life/city/culture and nature, technology and ecology, public and private, inside and outside…― and open up the alternatives.